Tools of Evaluation in Education 3 Domains Of Bloom’s Taxonomy

India Celebrated Its 73rd Republic Day Without Any Foreign Guest

India celebrated its 73rd Republic Day without any guest on 26th January, 2022. The word ‘Republic’ means where the head of the country is the president, who is being elected. On 73rd Republic Day, no foreign chief guest was invited due to Covid-19 protocol.

This year 12 states got a chance to showcase their tableau. These states include Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Meghalaya, Uttarakhand and Goa. Indian Navy, Ministry of Civil Aviation, and Indian Air Force also showed their tableau at the Rajpath on 73rd Republic Day

History of Indian Constitution:

On 26th January 1950, India adopted its Constitution. However, our Constitution was completed on 26th November 1949, but we waited for 2 months to commemorate the importance of Purana Swaraj Diwas (Declared by Indian National Congress at Lahore Session in 1929) which was celebrated all over the country on 26th January before Independence.

On 19th November 2015, Prime Minister Modi declared this day as Constitution Day. The year 2015 was of very importance as in this year we celebrated the 125th birth anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, who is known as the ‘father of Indian Constitution’.

What was Cabinet Mission?

Cabinet Mission was sent to India in 1946 by Prime Minister of the UK, Clement Attlee. The Mission consisted of 3 members. These members were Lord Pethick Lawrence, A.V. Alexander, and Sir Stafford Cripps. It was set up to transfer power from the British Government to India.

However, the Cabinet Mission failed due to the distrust between Indian National Congress and Muslim League. It proposed that Independence would be given to India without partition. It also divided provinces into 3 Groups.

These provinces were:

  • Group A included Hindu majority states. 
  • Group B that included Muslim majority states. 
  • Group C included Assam (Hindu Majority state) and Bengal (Muslim Majority state) 

The main objective of this commission was to form;
 – Interim government for India 

– Formation of Indian Constituent Assembly 

The Members of the Interim Government of India:

The Interim Government of India was also known as the Provisional Government of India. It was formed on 2 September 1946 by the Constituent Assembly of India. The members of the Interim Government were;

Foreign Affairs minister-                             Jawaharlal Nehru 

Home Minister-                                           Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel 

Finance Minister-                                        Liyaqat Ali Khan 

Labour Minister-                                         Jagjeevan Ram 

Railway Minister –                                       Asif Ali 

Defence Minister-                                       Baldev Singh 

Education Minister-                                    C. Rajagopalachari

What was the history of Indian Constituent Assembly? 

The total members of the Constituent Assembly were 389. All the members met at the Central Hall of Parliament. These members were elected indirectly by the members of Provincial Legislative Assemblies.

After the partition of India and Pakistan, the remaining members in the Constituent Assembly were 299. On 24th January 1950, 284 members actually signed the Constitution. The Constituent Assembly first met on 9th December,1946.

Dr. Sachidanand Sinha was elected as the temporary President of the Assembly. Later on Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected its President. 

A total of 22 committees were formed to make the Indian Constitution. The major committee’s Heads are mentioned as below:

  • Union Committee– The head of this committee was Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • Provincial Committee– Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was head of this committee.
  • Ad hoc Committee on National Flag– The Chairman of the committee was Rajendra Prasad.
  • Committee on Fundamental Rights, Minorities, Tribal and Excluded Areas Sardar Vallabhbhar Patel was chairman of this committee.
  • Drafting Committee of the Constitution: The main objective of the drafting committee was to check the draft of the constitution and make changes in it and submit it to the president of the constituent assembly, who was Rajendra Prasad. There were 7 Members of the drafting committee who were as follows;

        B.R. Ambedkar

        Krishnaswami Ayyar 

        K.M Munshi 

        B.L. Mitter 

        D.P. Khaitan

        Mohammad Saadulla

       Gopalaswami

 

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